Ålands fredsinstitut
The Åland Islands Peace Institute

Hamngatan 4
AX-22100 Mariehamn, Åland, Finland
Tel. +358 18 15570
peace@peace.ax
For more contact information click here.

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Publication about
the Åland Example

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Kastelholm 2020 dump kopia

If we do nothing to address climate change, we will in the future live in a state of emergency that is permanent, not temporary like the one we see right now due to the Corona crisis. The crisis provides us with the opportunity to understand the seriousness and adjust for change. This was one of the messages of the 2020 digital Kastelholm talks that had the theme of War, Peace and the Environment. The patron of the talks, President Tarja Halonen, discussed with Margot Wallström, Marja Lehto, Pella Thiel, Mikael Sjövall and Emma Hakala.

It was the sixth time that the Åland Peace Institute organized "Kastelholm's talks on peace". This year, because of the Corona crisis, the talks were held entirely digitally. On the same day, the 30th March which is Åland's demilitarisation day, nearly 300 people watched the talks either as live stream or in retrospect. The live streaming was conducted in co-operation with the Nordic Institute on Åland, Nipå.

The conference, which can be watched here, was held in Swedish. More information in Swedish is available here.

Listen to Marja Lehto speak (in English) on the Protection of the Environment in Armed Conflicts at the UN Audiovisual Library of International Law.

 

Kastelholmssamtal vinjett

The theme of this year, War, Peace and the Environment, is important at a time characterized by severe climate change, declining biodiversity and environmental anxiety. At the same time, global tensions and militarisation are increasing. The Kastelholm Peace Talks give the opportunity to discuss and draw attention to the links between peace and environmental issues. Which are the environmental effects of war? Are we at peace with nature or are we at war with it? What does it mean for environmental work that the concept of security has been recently expanded and now also includes environmental aspects? Are the principles of humanitarian law sufficient to tackle the environmental consequences of armed conflicts? And what role does environmental work have as a factor for peace?

Kastelholmstalare 2020 digitalt bilder med namn

This Year’s Panel:

Ms. Margot Wallström, former Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Swedish Government (2014-2019) and EU Commissioner (responsible for Institutional Relations and Communication Strategy 2004-2010 and for Environment 1999-2004). During the 1990’s Ms Wallström was Minister of Social Affairs and Minister of Culture and later became the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict (2010-2012). During her time as Foreign Minister, the concept “feminist foreign policy” was launched and she was also involved in the development of the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. In 2008, she was awarded the Gothenburg Award for Sustainable Development for work on the environmental effect of chemicals. Ms Wallström is a honorary doctor at several universities in Sweden and the United States, and is Commander of the French Legion of Honor.

Mr. KG Hammar, theologian, priest and Swedish archbishop 1997-2006. Mr Hammar was ordained in Lund in 1965, where he later became Doctor of Theology, Associate Professor of Church History, Clergyman and Bishop of Lund’s diocese. Nowadays, he has a personal guest professorship at Lund University. Mr Hammar’s commitment to peace, ecumenical dialogue and the environment is expressed in many ways, including in numerous publications such as The Road Chose You - a guide to Dag Hammarskjold's Markings (2011).

Ms. Marja Lehto, Ambassador, Senior Adviser at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, Doctor of International Law, Associate Professor of the same subject at the University of Helsinki and expert on issues of environmental protection in armed conflicts. Ms Lehto has served as Director of the Unit of public international law at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, as Finland’s ambassador to Luxembourg and has held positions in Helsinki, New York, Paris and more. In her recent role as Special Rapporteur of the UN International Law Commission (ILC), Ms Lehto has worked diligently to raise the issue of international principles of environmental protection in armed conflicts. Ms Lehto presented a draft of such principles to the UN General Assembly in the fall of 2019.

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