Ålands fredsinstitut
The Åland Islands Peace Institute

Hamngatan 4/PB85
AX-22101 Mariehamn, Åland, Finland
Tel. +358 18 15570
peace@peace.ax
For more contact information click here.

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Publication about
the Åland Example

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Ongoing Research Projects

The three year long research project “Demilitarisation in an Increasingly Militarised World. International perspectives in a multilevel framework – the case of the Åland Islands” is a cooperation between researchers at the Åland Islands Peace Institute and the Arctic Center (University of Lapland, Rovaniemi). Research is supported by the Kone foundation and the Åland Culture Foundation (Ålands kulturstiftelse).

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News

New articles on demilitarisation

2017-05-16 09:04:59

New scientific output from the research project ‘Demilitarisation in an increasingly militarised world’, has been published.

Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark’s article "The Meaning of Airspace Sovereignty Today – A Case Study on Demilitarisation and Functional Airspace Blocks" appears in 86 Nordic Journal of International Law (2017) 91-117.

In this article Spiliopoulou Åkermark examines the trend towards increased fusion of civil and military concepts and institutions in airspace management and regulation, with NEFAB as an example. She argues that such new forms of cooperation seem to pay limited attention to older legal agreements and legal obligations. At the same time, however, the demilitarisation regime for Åland relies on a distinction between what is military and what is civilian. Spiliopoulou Åkermark discusses further the wider importance of the questions raised in her article here.

For questions contact sia[at]peace.ax

In an article published in Swedish speaking magazine "Fredsposten", Researcher Saila Heinikoski describes the 161-years old demilitarisation of Åland in relation to the policies of the 100-year old Republic of Finland. The article (in Swedish) can be found in pdf here.

Article on the demilitarisation and neutralisation of Svalbard

2017-04-27 08:17:44

"Demilitarisation and neutralisation of Svalbard: how has the Svalbard regime been able to meet the changing security realities during almost 100 years of existence?". This is the title of a recent article by researchers Timo Koivurova and Filip Holiencin. The article assesses the experiences of the nearly one hundred years since the adoption of the Svalbard Treaty.

In Article 9 of the Svalbard Treaty it is briefly provided that:

Subject to the rights and duties resulting from the admission of Norway to the League of Nations, Norway undertakes not to create nor to allow the establishment of any naval base in the territories specified in Article 1 and not to construct any fortification in the said territories, which may never be used for warlike purposes.

Koivurova and Holiencin examine the double ambition of a peaceful utilization of the islands while permitting industrial activities by many different states parties. The Svalbard Treaty granted sovereignty over the archipelago to a relatively small state such as Norway, trying thus to keep the islands out of the grip of great powers. The researchers discuss the absence of a dispute solving mechanism in the treaty as well as the increasing commercial as well as geopolitical interests in the region.

The article is Published in Polar Record, Vol 53, Issue 2 (2017).

An interview with Koivurova and Holiencin for High North News can be found here.

The researchers are involved in the research project “Demilitarisation in an Increasingly Militarised World. International perspectives in a multilevel framework – the case of the Åland Islands” which is pursued in a cooperation between the Åland Islands Peace Institute and the University of Lapland with funding from the Kone foundation.

For more information on the project see here.

For more information you can also contact project leader Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark (sia[at]peace.ax)

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Picture from a research seminar on the demilitarisation and neutralisation of Svalbard with Filip Holiencin (second from left) as one of the speakers, held in Mariehamn 15.3.2017.

Call for Papers for research workshop on democracy, human rights and peace

2017-04-10 12:12:43

A research workshop "Democracy, Human Rights and Peace: Contested and reclaimed", coorganised by the Åland Islands Peace Institute and the research project "Demilitarisation in an increasingly militarised world" will be held in Jyväskylä, Finland, in August 2017.

The Call for Papers is found here (deadline 15-5-2017).

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Preliminary results on the demilitarisation project were presented in Helsinki

2016-11-04 11:15:10

The research project "Demilitarisation in an Increasingly Militarised World" (2015-2017) organised a seminar for invited researchers in Helsinki on November 3rd 2016. The seminar was held at the premises of the Kone foundation, Kamari.

As commentators were invited Dr Gunilla Herolf and Professor Emeritus Lauri Hannikainen. Project researchers Saila Heinikoski, Dr Pirjo Kleemola-Juntunen and project leader Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark presented summaries of research results until now, as well as new preliminary results in the areas of demilitarisation and neutralisation within Finnish and European politics, the law of the sea and the Åland Strait and, finally, on the right of self-defence and Finnish draft legislation pertaining to international law and the Åland demilitarisation and neutralisation. 

 

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Demilitarisation part of the Finnish foreign and security policy

2016-11-02 07:48:59

The demilitarisation of the Åland Islands cannot be seen only from a defence policy point of view. This is because, the status of the Ålands Islands is part of the whole foreign and security policy context of Finland, writes researcher Saila Heinikoski in this article in Finnish published by the Finnish web site Politiikasta.fi. Saila Heinikoski works within the research project “Demilitarisation in an increasingly militarised world”, where she focuses on the position of Åland demilitarisation in the foreign and security policy of Finland and the European Union.

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