Demilitarisation & neutralisation

The demilitarisation of the Aland Islands dates back to the 1856 Treaty of Paris bringing the end to the Crimean War. France, Great Britain and Russia signed the Convention of Demilitarisation of the Islands annexed to the peace treaty. Demilitarisation was broadened to include neutralisation in the 1921 Convention on the Demilitarisation of the Aland […]

Right of Domicile

It is granted to a child under the age of 18 who is a citizen of Finland and resident of Åland provided that the child’s mother or father enjoyed the right. The right of domicile shall be given to citizens of Finland who moved to Åland, have lived there for at least five years and […]

Lump sum

The state of Finland levies taxes, customs duties and charges in Åland according to the same rules that apply to other Finnish citizens. The funds raised go to the Finnish exchequer. To finance the responsibilities of society which the province handles on behalf of the state, Åland receives 0.45 per cent of total national income, […]

Legislative division

According to the Autonomy Act  the Aland Parliament is competent to pass a law in following areas: education and culture the police service municipal administration and taxation health and medical services social legislation postal service promotion of industry internal communications tenancy and rent regulation radio and television. In these fields the compence of Aland is […]

Åland and its special status


Geography Autonomous regime Institutions of Autonomy Demilitarisation and Neutralisation Economy Åland in International Relations Geography Åland is an archipelago of 6,700 islands and skerries situated in the Baltic Sea, at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia. It occupies a central position between Sweden and Finland, which made it geopolitically attractive in its history. Autonomous […]