In Schulte’s words, “… territorial autonomies have a particularly high potential for the regulation of ethno-national conflicts, as it constitutes a compromise between maintaining state sovereignty and considering claims for self-determination”. However, history shows that some attempts fail while others endure. The recipe for success includes an interplay of factors and circumstances such as the democratic condition of the central state, the development of a cross-linked multi-party system, economic differences between central state and autonomy, the financial burden on the general budget of the state, the structure of society, the development of a cross-linked civil society, the commitment of international organisations as well as the integration of the autonomy system into international institutions.
Examining all these factors, the present report is an in-depth analysis of existing, successful territorial autonomies. Åland as the oldest autonomy in the world finds itself in the centre of this analysis. As such, it becomes the natural case study for research into the longevity and robustness of territorial autonomy systems. Felix Schulte has chosen to compare the Åland case with Bougainville in Papua New Guinea, Gaugazia in Moldova, and South Tyrol in Italy as well as the failed cases of Aceh in Indonesia and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao in the Philippines. Schulte’s results indicate that economic equality between state and autonomy constitutes the base for success, while integration in international institutions enhances the chances for the autonomy to endure. Somewhat unexpectedly, the democracy level of the central state plays less of a role, which gives hope also to autonomy aspirations in defective democracies.
The report can be downloaded in pdf here.
An information sheet on the report can be downloaded in pdf here.
Conflict Regulation through Self-Rule:
Success factors for Territorial Autonomy Systems
Rapport från Ålands fredsinstitut / Report from the Åland Islands Peace Institute
© Felix Schulte, 2015.
Printed in Mariehamn, Finland by Mariehamns tryckeri 2015
ISSN 1797-1845 (Printed)
ISSN 1797-1853 (Online)
ISBN 978-952-5265-75-0 (Printed)
ISBN 978-952-5265-76-7 (Online)
Published by the Åland Islands Peace Institute
PB 85, AX-22101 Mariehamn, Åland, Finland
Phone +358 18 15570, fax +358 18 21026
Printed 10 euro + postage, orde from books(@)peace.ax
This report is available for free at www.peace.ax.